The differences of Islam from the other religions can be summed up briefly as follows:
♦ The Islamic religion recognizes one creator, one being worthy of being worshipped. The name of this ma’bûd (being worthy of being worshipped) is Allâhu ta’âlâ. Men’s common sense inspires into them that there is one Allah. A reasonable person cannot accept the concept of polytheism, which is a common basis for many other religions.
♦ The Islamic religion not only equips them with spiritual knowledge, but also teaches them what they should do for their lives in this world and in the Hereafter, and guides them.
♦ Whereas Christians propound that man is born sinful and that his stay in the world is intended to expiate and to suffer, the Islamic religion states that human beings are innocent creatures when they are born, that they are beloved born slaves of Allâhu ta’âlâ, that they are responsible for their behaviour by the time they reach the age of puberty and discretion, and that they shall enjoy the infinite blessings of the Hereafter if they manage to abide by the right way.
♦ Islam does not allow a third person between the born slave and Allâhu ta’âlâ in matters pertaining to worship, praying and penance. These practices do not require a priestly intermediation.
♦ Islam states that all Muslims are brothers, wherein differences of race, colour, language or country have no place. The Islamic religion holds everybody equal in the view of Allâhu ta’âlâ. During the performance of namâz, a person of the highest rank stands beside another, who may be of the lowest rank, a richest one beside another who, perhaps, is the poorest member of the society, and a white Muslim next to a black one, and with one accord they prostrate themselves before Allâhu ta’âlâ.
♦ According to Islam, Prophets ‘alaihim-us-salâm’ are human beings like us. They are the most superior human beings in all respects. Their duty is to convey to us the commandments of Allâhu ta’âlâ. On account of their noble moral qualities and high natures, Allâhu ta’âlâ has chosen them and given them this duty. The Islamic religion acknowledges all the past Prophets ‘alaihim-us-salawâtu wa-t-taslîmât’ and pays them due respect.
♦ Islam is a perfectly logical religion. The Qur’ân al-kerîm does not contain a single principle that cannot be understood or which is contradictory to living conditions or scientific knowledge. All the commandments it dictates are extremely useful. The Islamic religion does not embody any superstitions. Preposterous tenets like worshipping idols, images, icons, which can be accepted only by primitive tribes and idolaters and which still exist in Christianity, cannot have access into Islam.
♦ Christianity represents Allâhu ta’âlâ only as a source of fear. Islam, in contrast, makes one love Allâhu ta’âlâ. What a Muslim fears for is lest he should incur the hatred of Allâhu ta’âlâ.
♦ No one can force another person to become a Muslim. The two hundred and fifty-sixth âyat of Baqara Sûra of the Qur’ân al-kerîm purports the injunction, “Conversion to Islam should not be done through compulsion.” On the other hand, Christian missionaries are trying to Christianize people by coersion or by promising advantages.
♦ The Islamic acts of worship are intended only to express gratitude to Allâhu ta’âlâand to attain His love. The prescribed prayer times drill people in orderliness and punctuality, and the yearly one-month fasting trains them to have command of their corporeal tendencies.
♦ Islam puts a special emphasis on cleanliness. Islam is the only religion which commands to do a certain type of physical cleaning before an act of worship. This strictness is totally missing from the other religions. The brevity of daily prayers rules out the possibility of their being a handicap to the daily chores.
♦ Formation of good habits such as tenderness, charity, and compassion, which are the dominant topics of the sermons given by Christian clergymen, but which are never put into practice by their preachers, let alone by the preached, are peculiar to Muslims.
♦ On the economic platform, Islam jettisons both the capitalistic materialism and the communistic utopia. It protects the poor, without censuring the rich. It commands the rich to pay zakât to the poor. Furthermore, bringing together Muslims belonging to the sundry nations and races of the world, it establishes the most perfect social system of the world [Hajj].
♦ Islam prohibits consumption of alcohol, gambling, and drugs. The most disastrous vices of the world originate from these three pestilences.
♦ No Christian clergyman can explain what will become of people after death, or life and situations in the Hereafter. Islam provides the best and most detailed explanation on this subject.
♦ Islam is the only religion that commands to help the poor, the destitute and the forlorn travellers, no matter what their religion is.
♦ Islam does not force any person to believe in something he cannot understand. Unlike other religions, it does not comprehend any mysterious abstractions in the name of credo.
♦ In Islam, the procedure to be followed for the solution of a canonical problem is first to consult the Qur’ân al-kerîm, then, if a clear answer cannot be found there, to look the matter up in the Sunnat of the Messenger of Allah ‘alaihis-salâm’, and finally, concerning matters of which clear solutions cannot be found in the Sunnat, for the common-sensed experts of the matter to employ ijtihâd, [to explain the matter after painstaking lucubrations.]
♦ Islam is the newest religion. From its first day up to our time, the Qur’ân al-kerîmhas preserved its pristine purity without undergoing an infinitesimal diacritical interpolation. Its regulation system is comprehensive enough to meet all sorts of needs. This fact is palpable enough to reveal that no other religion will come, that all sorts of religious matters have been solved, and that Islam is the true religion of Allah.
♦ The Islamic acts of worship can be performed anywhere. It is not compulsory to go to a mosque for worship. A Muslim does not intrude into others’ temples, and it is permissible to perform namâz in a church when it is inevitable.
♦ Islam cherishes women highly and gives them the greatest rights. The Islamic religion does not enjoin to marry more than one women. Islam’s polygamy is a permission which is limited with a certain number and regulated with certain stipulations. By the time Islam appeared, it had been an Arabic custom that a man could cohabit with as many women as he liked and with no degree of responsibility as to their rights. Islam rescued womankind from this horrible situation and protected their rights. By stating, “Paradise is beneath the mother’s feet,” Muhammad ‘alaihis-salâm’ granted a distinguished status to women. This privilege does not exist in any other religion.
♦ Islam invites people to work, to study and learn useful knowledge, and to ask for help from Allâhu ta’âlâ after putting his mental and physical capacity to work. No other religion has the maxim, “One hour spent meditating or doing something useful is equal to one year spent doing supererogatory worship.”
♦ Islam is spiritual and physical cleanliness. It holds these two kinds of cleanliness equal. Islam comprises only love, sweet smiles, soft words, integrity, and charity.
♦ Islam expresses Allâhu ta’âlâ as the Rabb-ul-’âlemîn, i.e. Allah of all classes of beings. Unlike in other religions, He is not considered as Allah for the votaries of the religion concerned.
♦ The Qur’ân al-kerîm is the only source where a wretched person can find consolation. The Qur’ân al-kerîm contains numerous pieces of consolatory, soothing, and instructive advice, depending on the kind of the need.