The Meccan polytheists did not learn their lesson from their overwhelming defeat in the Holy War of Badr, nor could they forget their grief. In this war, the Quraysh had lost many prominent figures of theirs. Furthermore, the fact that the trade route of Damascus had went under control of Muslims, maddened them. A trade caravan, under the command of Abû Sufyân, had returned to Mecca with one hundred percent profit. Since most of the participants in the capital had died in the Holy War of Badr, the profit of the caravan was kept in the building, which was called Dâr-un-Nadwa, where the polytheists gathered to make decisions. Some people who lost their fathers, brothers, husbands, sons in the Badr, like Saffân bin Umayya, Ikrima bin Âbî Jahl, Abdullah bin Rabîa, applied to Abû Sufyân, saying,
“Muslims have killed our elders. They made us miserable. Now, it is the time of revenge. Let us prepare an army with the profit of the caravan. Let us raid Medina, let us take our revenge.”
Since the vehement disbelievers such as Abû Jahl, Utba, Shayba had been killed before, Abû Sufyân, who had not become a Muslim yet, was in the leadership of the polytheists. In the Damascus trade, one hundred thousand gold coins had been earned.
Half of it was capital and half of it was profit. The capital was distributed to the owners immediately and the profit was divided into two. The first half of the profit was used in getting arms and the second half in collecting soldiers. In addition, money was given to the poets and orators. The orators and the poets were provocating the people, they were reciting poems to encourage people to war; women were joining them by playing tambourines. The polytheists, whose aim was to expel Muslims from Medina, to kill our beloved Prophet and to destroy Islam, visited neighboring tribes and collected soldiers from them too.
Finally, a three thousand strong army was prepared in Mecca. 700 of them were armored, 200 of them were horsemen and they had 3000 camels. This huge army, which was accompanied by musicians and women too, were commanded by Abû Sufyân. His wife, Hind, was the head of women and she was extremely promoting the war. Because, she had lost her father and her two brothers in the Holy War of Badr.
She could not forget her pain, she was silencing people who opposed the participation of women in the war, saying, “Remember the Badr war! You ran away from Badr to rejoin your women and your children!.. From now on, those who want to escape, will find us against them!…” Thus, she provoked the Quraysh to war with all her power. Jubayr bin Mut’im, one of the polytheists, had a slave named Wahshî, who was a real expert in throwing spears. He was a sharp shooter. Hind and Jubayr were demanding revenge from Hadrat Hamza, since he had killed Hind’s father Utba and Jubayr’s uncle Tuayma in the Badr. Jubayr told his slave Wahshî, “If you kill Hamza, I will set you free.” Hind told Wahshî, “If you kill him, I will give you many gold coins and jewelry!”
Having completed all the preparations, the Quraysh army unfurled its flags and they gave one flag to Talha bin Abî Talha, one flag to someone from Ahabish, and one flag to Sufyan, son of Uwayf.
The preparations in Mecca were completed. Hadrat Abbâs sent a letter to Medina via a person whom he trusted, stating that the polytheists constructed an army of three thousand, seven hundred of them in armor, two hundred of them horsemen, they had three thousand camels and innumerous weapons. He mentioned that the army was about to leave and asked for measures against them.
Our Prophet (sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam) gave duty to some of his friends to inspect the situation. These companions went towards Mecca. On the road, they heard that the army of polytheists was coming. In a short while, they completed their task and returned to Medina. The information, which they obtained, was in accordance with the letter.
The Master of the worlds started preparation immediately. In addition, he took measures by placing watchguards around Medina, to prevent a sudden raid by the enemy. The Ashâb al-kirâm completed their preparations in short time. After bidding farewell to their households, they gathered around our Master.
That day was Friday. Our Master, the Prophet conducted the Friday Prayer. In the khutba (sermon), he emphasized the importance of making jihâd to spread the religion of Allahu ta’âlâ and combat on the path of Allah. He gave the glad tidings of martyrdom and going to Paradise for the ones who would die for this sake. He communicated that Allahu ta’âlâ would help those who persevere against the foes and endure the difficulties.
Our Master Rasûl-i akram told his Ashâb-i kirâm that he would like to make consultation about where the war should be made. He also told them a dream, which he had seen that night. He said, “In my dream, I saw myself in strong armor. I saw that an opening appeared on the edge of my sword Zulfikâr. I saw a butchered cow and then I saw a ram was brought.” His companions asked, “O Rasûlullah! What is your interpretation of this dream?” He answered, “Wearing strong armor is the sign of Medina, staying in Medina. Stay there… Seeing that an opening appeared on the edge of my sword is the sign of harm, which I will suffer. The butchered cow is a sign that some of my companions will be martyred. Regarding a ram being brought, this is a sign of a military unit which, inshaallah, Janâb-i-Haqq will kill.” According to another narration, “I struck my sword on the ground, its edge broke. This indicates that some of my companions will become martyrs on the day of Uhud. I struck my sword to the ground again, it returned to it’s previous solid state. This indicates that a conquest will come from Allahu ta’âlâ, believers will be united.”
Rasûlullah, when he was not informed about issues by wahy, would consult with his Companions and act accordingly. Regarding where they should confront the enemy, some of the Companions said, “Let us stay in Medina and make a war of defense.”
This offer was suitable with the wishes of our Master, the Prophet, too. The superiors of the Ashâb, such as Hadrat Abû Bakr, Hadrat ’Umar, Sa’d bin Mu’âz (radiyallâhu anhum) had the same opinion with our Master, the Prophet.
However, young and heroic companions, who did not join in the Holy War of Badr, were very sad that they could not be present in that war, when they heard from our Master, the Prophet, of the rewards of the companions who participated, and the high degrees which they attained. For that reason, they wanted to confront the enemy outside of Medina and fight them face to face. Hadrat Hamza, Nu’mân bin Mâlik and Sa’d bin Ubâda, who attended the Holy War of Badr, were also among the companions who wanted to confront the enemy outside of Medina and fight them face to face.
Hadrat Haysama took permission and said, “O Rasûlullah, the Quraysh polytheists collected soldiers from various Arabian tribes. They mounted their camels, horses and they entered our lands. They will siege us in our homes and forts, and then they will go back. They will frequently speak behind us. This will cause them to have courage and they will organize new raids. If we do not confront them now, other Arabian tribes will have an eye on us. I hope that Allahu ta’âlâ will give us victory over the polytheists.
If the second of these happen, then it is martyrdom; Badr deprived me of it. However, I had greatly longed for it. My son, when he heard I wanted to join the Badr War, had drawn lots with me. He was luckier than I was, so that he attained the honor of martyrdom.
O Rasûlullah! I missed martyrdom so much. I saw my son in a dream last night. He was wandering around gardens and rivers of Paradise and telling me, ‘Join the people of Paradise! I attained the truth which Allahu ta’âlâ promised!’
O Rasûlullah! I swear by Allah that, in the morning, I started to wish to be a companion to my son in Paradise. Now, I am old also. I do not wish anything other than to meet my Rabb.”
He entreated, “May my life be sacrificed for you O Rasûlullah! Pray to Allahu ta’âlâ for my martyrdom and my being honored with friendship to my son in Paradise!” Our Master, the Prophet did not reject his wish and prayed for his attaining martyrdom.
Having seen that the majority was of this opinion, our beloved Prophet decided to encounter the enemy outside of Medina. Then, he said, “(O my Companions!) If you have perseverance and patience, Janâb-i-Haqq will grant you His help again.
Our duty is to be determined and to endeavor.” Having conducted the afternoon prayer, our Master, the Prophet reached his blessed home. After him, Hadrat Abû Bakr and Hadrat ’Umar took permission and entered the house. They helped our Master Rasûl-i akram (sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam ) wear his turban and armor. Our Master girded his sword and placed his shield on his back. Meanwhile, the Ashâb-i kirâm had come together outside and waited for our Master, the Prophet. Those who wanted to stay in Medina and conduct a defensive war told the others, “Rasûlullah did not want to go out of Medina. He accepted this upon your words. However, Rasûlullah takes orders from Allahu ta’âlâ. Leave this issue to him. Do as he commands.” Others became sorry. Saying, “Let us not be in disagreement with Rasûlullah,” they gave up their opinion. When our beloved Prophet went out of his house of bliss, they apologized, saying, “May our lives be sacrificed for your sake, O the Messenger of Allah! Do as you wish. If you want to stay in Medina, let us stay.
We wish protection of Janâb-i-Haqq from opposing your order.” Our Master Habîb-i akram replied, “A prophet does not take off his armor he wore, without making war, until Allahu ta’âlâ verdicts between him and his foes. My advice to you is that if you do my commands and be patient and have perseverance by reciting Allahu ta’âlâ’s name, Allahu ta’âlâ will help you.”
Meanwhile, Hadrat Amr bin Jamûh was saying to his four sons at home, “My sons! Bring me to this holy war.” His sons were trying to persuade their father by saying, “Father! Because of the illness in your foot, Allahu ta’âlâ accepted your excuse. Rasûlullah did not allow you to go to war. You are not obliged to go to Jihâd. We are going instead of you!” However, Hadrat Amr, said, “Shame on sons like you. You had impeded me to earn Paradise in the Holy War of Badr by saying the same things. Will you deprive me of it again?” Then, he went before our beloved Prophet and said, “May my life be sacrificed for your sake, O the Messenger of Allah!” My sons want to make me deprived of this war, by stating some excuses. I swear by Allahu ta’âlâ that I would like to go to war with you and be honored to enter Paradise. O Rasûlullah! Will you not see appropriate for me to fight for the sake of Allah and be martyred and walk in Paradise with those lame feet of mine?” Our Master answered, “Yes, I see it appropriate.” Hadrat Amr bin Jamûh greatly rejoiced, made preparations and participated in the army.
Abdullah bin Ummi Maktûm was left in Medina to conduct prayers. The Sultan of the messengers tied three banners. He gave one of the banners to Khabbâb bin Munzir, another one to Usayd bin Khudayr and the other one to Mus’ab bin Umayr. The army was around one thousand soldiers; two of them were horsemen and one hundred of them were in armor.
On a Friday afternoon, with the sounds of takbîr “Allahu Akbar!” our beloved Prophet (’alaihis-salâm) set out to Uhud. In front of the army, there were Hadrat Sa’d bin Ubâda and Sa’d bin Muaz in their armor. The Muhâjirs were on the right and the Ansâr on the left. On the road, they met a military unit of six hundred Jews. These were the allies of the leader of hypocrites, Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salûl. They wanted to join the Islamic army. Our Master, the Prophet asked, “Have they become Muslim?” They replied,
“No, O Rasûlullah.” Our Master, this time, said, “Go and say to them to return. Because, against polytheists, we do not want help of disbelievers.”
Our Master Rasûlullah (’alaihis-salâm) came to the place called Shaykhayn, which was between Madina and Uhud. There he stopped for the night. The sun did not set yet. In the army, there were some children Companions who wished to fight the enemy and become a martyr. When our beloved Prophet controlled the army, he saw that there were seventeen children. One of them, Râfi bin Hadîj, was trying to be seen taller by rising over the tips of his feet. Upon the words of Hadrat Zuhayr, “O Rasûlullah! Râfi shoots arrows well,” they conscripted him. Samûra bin Jundub saw that and said, “I can defeat Râfi in wrestling, so I wish to be present in the Holy War too.” Our Master, the Prophet smiled and made them wrestle. When Hadrat Samura defeated Râfi in the wrestling, he was taken into the mujâhid ranks. Other children were sent back to Medina to protect people there. The adhans of evening and night prayers were recited by Bilâl-i Habashî. Hadrat Muhammad Prophet (‘alaihis-salâm) conducted the prayer. Then he appointed Muhammed bin Maslama as the commander of fifty troops and ordered him to keep watch until morning. The Companions started to rest. The honor of nightwatch near Rasûlullah was allotted to Hadrat Zakvân. Meanwhile, the enemy army learned that the Islamic Army rested at Shaykhayn. They charged cavalry troops under the command of Ikrima for patrolling. Ikrima, who did not become Muslim yet, approached the Islamic Army upto the Harra location. Then, he retreated, fearing the patrols of mujâhids. After Fajr, the Master of worlds awakened his Ashâb. They came to the mount of Uhud. The two armies could see each other there. Bilâl-i Habashî recited the adhan of morning prayer with his sweet voice which touched the hearts. The mujâhids, in armor, performed their ritual prayer in the congregation of our beloved Prophet. They made their duâs (supplications, invocations). Our Master put on his helmet and his
Meanwhile, Abdullah bin Ubayy, the leader of the hypocrites, saying, “Have we come here to be killed? Why could we not understand this at the beginning,” returned to Medina with about 300 hypocrites. The number of those who believed, united, risked their lives and showed no hesitation, longing for attaining the grade of martyrdom, was around seven hundred. All of them promised that they would protect our beloved Prophet to the last. The Master of the prophets (sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam) put the mujahids (Muslim warriors) in array.
He positioned the army so that the army’s back was towards the mount of Uhud and its front was towards Medina. He appointed Ukâsha bin Mihsan as commander to the right wing and Abu Salama bin Abdulasad to the left wing. Sa’d bin Abî Waqqâs and Abû Ubayda bin Jarrah were in the front, as heads of the archers. Zubayr bin Awwâm was the head of the armory forces and Hadrat Hamza was the head of the forces without armor in the front. Mikdad bin Amr was appointed to the forces at the back.
On the left side of the Islamic Army, there was Aynayn Hill. There was a narrow passage on this hill. Our Master, Rasûl-i akram (’alaihis-salâm) placed fifty archers under the command of Abdullah bin Jubayr. The archers took their positions at the passage. Hadrat Muhammad Prophet went to them and gave this definite order, “Protect us from our back. Stay at your positions and never leave here. Do not leave your place unless we inform you, unless we send you a man, even if you see that we have defeated the enemy. Do not come and help us even if you see that the enemy
will kill or have killed us. Do not try to protect us from them. Shoot arrows at enemy horsemen, whenever they try to reach you. Because, horsemen can not advance against the arrows shot. O my Allah! You are my witness that I have notified them of these!”
Hadrat Muhammad Prophet repeated his order several times. He said, “Even if you see birds are sharing our corpses, never leave your position unless I send you a man. Again, never leave your place, unless I send you an order, even if you see that we slaughter the disbelievers and step on their bodies.” He then left there and took the command of the army.
He gave the banner to Mus’ab bin Umayr. Hadrat Umayr, holding the banner, took his position in front of our Master, the Prophet (’alaihis-salâm). Meanwhile, Hadrat Hanzala, who was newly married, quickly came to Uhud, from Medina, and joined the ranks of Mujâhids. The polytheist army, which had come to Uhud three days before, was commanded by Abû Sufyân. They took their position so that their backs were towards Medina. The horsemen at the right wing would be commanded by Khâlid bin Walîd, the horsemen at the left wing would be commanded by Ikrima. It is reported that also Safwân bin Umayya had a post in charge of the horsemen. The polytheists’ banner was carried by Talha bin Abî Talha.
There was a large difference in the balance of power between the two armies. The Quraysh army was more than four times larger than the Islamic army regarding number, weapons and equipment. In the Quraysh army, there was unceasing clamor and commotion, women who were obsessed with their wish of vengeance, were playing tambourines, singing and encouraging the soldiers to fight, they were begging for help from the idols they worshipped.
As for the mujâhids’ side, they were saying prayers and takbirs, “Allahu akbar! Allahu akbar!…” They were begging for Allahu ta’âlâ’s help, for the religion of Islam to be protected and spread. Hadrat Muhammad Prophet was encouraging his Companions for jihad and fight for the sake of Allahu ta’âlâ and telling them the rewards that they would attain for that sake, saying, “O my Ashâb! Those who are less in number, find it difficult to fight the enemy. If they show perseverance and effort, Allahu ta’âlâ makes them attain ease. For, Allahu ta’âlâ is with those who obey Him…
Ask for the reward that Allahu ta’âlâ promised you…” Regarding the Holy War of Uhud, it was purported in the âyat-i karîmas as follows, “(O the Muslim believers!) Obey Allahu ta’âlâ and His Messenger (what they ordered), so that you will be shown mercy. Run to ask for forgiveness from your Rabb and for entering Paradise.
Struggle for this! The extensiveness of Paradise is as wide as the heavens and the earth. Paradise has been prepared for those who fear Allahu ta’âlâ. They spend their properties no matter whether they are few or many, for the sake of Allah. They restrain their angers and forgive everybody. Allahu ta’âlâ likes those who bestow favor.”
“And their reward is a forgiveness from their Rabb and Paradises under the trees of which rivers flow. They will stay there forever. How beautiful is the reward of those who act so, who obey Allahu ta’âlâ and His Messenger!”
The Ashâb-i kirâm’s hearts were full of belief. Their eyes were emitting bravery. They were overwhelmed with a desire of martyrdom. They were eager to attack the enemy right away. Like in the Badr War, Hadrat Ali put on his white, Zubayr bin Awwâm his yellow and Abû Dujâna his red, turban. Hadrat Hamza wore his plume, made of ostrich wing. The two armies approached each other. Now, the excitement was at its apex. In a short time, a large pitched battle would start. On the one side, there were Islamic mujâhids who did not hesitate to fight, to spread the religion of Allahu ta’âlâ, against their closest relatives and on the other side there were enemies of Islam who insisted on their false paths. When they came closer, an arrow’s shot away from each other, an armored polytheist on his camel advanced. He demanded someone to combat, from the Mujâhids.
He presumed that everyone was afraid of him, so he repeated his demand three times. Upon this, it was seen that a yellow turbaned, tall heroic mujâhid walked onto the battlefield. He was Zubayr bin Awwâm, son of the paternal aunt of our Master, the Prophet. “Allahu akbar!…” exclamations rose from the Islamic army, they prayed for victory of Hadrat Zubayr. It was seen that Zubayr bin Awwâm jumped over the polytheist’s camel when he came near. A deadly struggle began on the camel. Meanwhile,
it was heard that our beloved Prophet commanded, “Make him fall down to the ground!” As soon as Hadrat Zubayr took this order, he pushed his rival down. Then, he also jumped down and cut the head of the polytheist off from his armored body. Our Master invoked blessings on Hadrat Zubayr.
Then, the flagman of the polytheists, Talha bin Abî Talha jumped onto the battlefield.
He shouted, “Is there, among you, anyone who will confront me?” He was faced with Hadrat Ali, lion of Allâhu ta’âlâ. With one strike, he broke the head of the polytheist flagman, who was in full armor, down to his chin. Seeing that, our beloved Prophet said takbîr, “Allahu Akbar!…Allahu Akbar!” When the Ashâb-i kirâm joined, everywhere resounded with the sounds of takbîr.
Talha bin Abî Talha’s brother, ’Uthmân bin Abî Talha, who saw that the polytheists’ banner fell, ran to the battleground. He lifted up their banner and demanded a warrior to fight. Hadrat Hamza confronted him. He struck his sword at ’Uthmân’s shoulder so vehemently, saying “Ya Allah!”, that the polytheist’s arm which held the banner detached. He fell to the ground and died. That time, a polytheist, Abû Sa’d bin Abî Talha came on foot to the battlefield. He too was in full armor from head to toe. He picked up the banner of unbelief from the ground, turned towards the army of Islam and started yelling, “I am the father of Qusam. Who can challenge me?” Our Master, the Prophet sent Hadrat Ali again. Hadrat Ali killed that polytheist too. After making their banner fall down on the ground, he took his place in the ranks of mujâhîds. After this, many polytheists came forward. They lifted their banners, which fell to the ground, and demanded soldiers from the mujâhids to fight against them. However, the brave sahâbîs constantly became victorious with the permission of Allahu ta’âlâ. On the death of each flagman, takbîr sounds rose from Islamic soldiers, a great grief and despair overwhelmed the polytheists. Even the noisy polytheist women were insulting their own soldiers by saying “Shame on you!” At the same time, they were urging them to fight by asking, “What are you waiting for?”
During that time, our beloved Prophet showed the sword on which this couplet was written: “There is shame in cowardice, honor in advancing. One cannot be free of the destiny by fearing.” He asked, “Who will take this sword from me?” Once they heard this, many companions outstretched their hands to take it. Our Prophet again said, “Who will take this to give its due?” The Companions became silent and stayed back. Zubayr bin Awwâm, who heatedly wanted the sword, said, “I’ll take it O Rasûlullah.” He did not give the sword to Hadrat Zubayr. Hadrat Abû Bakr’s, ’Umar’s and Ali’s demands also were not accepted by our Prophet.
Abû Dujâna asked, “O Rasûlullah! What is the due of that sword?” Hadrat Muhammad Prophet answered, “Its duty is to strike the enemy until it becomes bended. Its duty is your not killing Muslims, your not fleeing away before the disbelievers.
Its duty is to fight on the way of Allah until Allah grants you victory or martyrdom.” Abû Dujâna said, “O Rasûlullah, I am taking it to perform its duty.” Our Prophet delivered the sword in his hand to him. Although he was very brave and heroic, Abû Dujâna would behave very cautiously in battlefields and he would act in
full accordance with the hadith, “War is trickery.” When he took the sword, he began to walk towards the battlefield, in an arrogant manner, by reciting couplets. On him, there was a traditional long shirt and a red turban. The Companions did not deem that Abû Dujâna’s walking in this manner very appropriate.
Upon this, our beloved Prophet said, “This is such a walking that, except these places (battlefields), it causes Allahu ta’âlâ’s wrath.” Thus, he announced that only against the enemy, it is permissible to walk in an arrogant manner. From the polytheist ranks, Khâlid bin Walîd, who could not wait any longer, started an offensive with troops under his command. Our Master, the Prophet (’alaihis-salâm) ordered the excited Companions to attack too. In a minute, the sounds of “Allahu Akbar” had filled the battlefield. In the foremost, Hadrat Hamza, in the command of non-armed troops, started swinging his swords at each disbeliever whom he came across. The forces of Khâlid bin Walîd, coming in a great zeal, were repelled immediately. This time, Khâlid bin Walîd, to pass through the notch and strike back, arced and reached the Aynayn Hill. However, Hadrat Abdullah bin Jubayr and fifty heroes
under his command drove them back with vehement shooting of arrows.
Now, the war was intense. Both sides were fighting will all their power. Each Companion was trying to moving forward by struggling against at least four polytheists. Hadrat Hamzâ was both shouting, “Allahu akbar! Allahu akbar!” and he was advancing while killing the enemies. Safwân bin Umayya was asking people around, “Where is Hamza? Show him to me.” He was searching the battlefield. At one point, he saw a person who was fighting with two swords. He asked, “Who is this combatant?” People around him replied, “He is the person you are looking for! He is Hamza!” Sawfan said, “So far, I have not seen anyone, with such a zeal and bravery, who attacks to kill his own people.”
At the time, the war was completely escalated, Zubayr bin Awwâm from muhâjirs, out of his sadness due to the sword not having been given to him, said to himself, “I wanted the sword from Rasûlullah, but he gave it to Abû Dujâna. However, I am his paternal aunt Safiyya’s son. Furthermore, I am from Quraysh. Also, I wanted it first. I shall go and see what Abû Dujâna will achieve more than me?” Then he started to follow Abû Dujâna. Abû Dujâna was saying takbir, “Allahu akbar!” and was killing the polytheists, whomever he encountered. One of the most ferocious polytheists, who was big-bodied and in full armor except for his eyes, confronted Abû Dujâna. First, he attacked Hadrat Abû Dujâna. Abû Dujâna protected himself by his shield. The sword of that polytheist, stuck in Abû Dujâna’s shield. He pulled his sword but could not take it out. Now, it was Abû Dujâna’s turn. He killed his enemy by a single sword blow. After this, Abû Dujâna, by striking down each disbeliever confronting him, came to the place on the slope of the mountain where the women were encouraging the polytheists with their tambourines. He lifted his sword, but he changed his mind and did not kill Hind, wife of Abû Sufyân. Seeing this, Zubayr bin Awwâm told himself; “Allahu ta’âlâ and His Messenger know better than me, to whom the sword will be given.” He said, “I swear by Allah I have not seen any warrior better in combat than he.”
At the time, when the war had completely escalated, Zubayr bin Awwâm from muhâjirs, out of his sadness due to the sword not having been given to him, said to himself, “I wanted the sword from Rasûlullah, but he gave it to Abû Dujâna. However, I am his paternal aunt Safiyya’s son. Furthermore, I am from Quraysh. Also, I wanted it first. I shall go and see what Abû Dujâna will achieve more than me?” Then he started to follow Abû Dujâna. Abû Dujâna was saying takbir, “Allahu akbar!” and was killing the polytheists, whomever he encountered. One of the most ferocious polytheists, who was big-bodied and in full armor except for his eyes, confronted Abû Dujâna. First, he attacked Hadrat Abû Dujâna. Abû Dujâna protected himself by his shield. The sword of that polytheist, stuck in Abû Dujâna’s shield. He pulled his sword but could not take it out. Now, it was Abû Dujâna’s turn. He killed his enemy by a single sword blow.
After this, Abû Dujâna, by striking down each disbeliever confronting him, came to the place on the slope of the mountain where the women were encouraging the polytheists with their tambourines. He lifted his sword, but he changed his mind and did not kill Hind, wife of Abû Sufyân.203 Seeing this, Zubayr bin Awwâm told himself;
“Allahu ta’âlâ and His Messenger know better than me, to whom the sword will be given.” He said, “I swear by Allah I have not seen any warrior better in combat than he.”
Mikdâd bin Aswad, Zubayr bin Awwâm, Hadrat Ali, Hadrat ’Umar, Talha bin Ubaydullah, Mus’ab bin Umayr were all like impassable forts. The Companions, seeing our Master, the Prophet fighting the enemies very close and attacking them repeatedly, were not able to contain themselves. They were gathering around our Master, the Prophet and giving no respite to the enemy in armor, lest he would be harmed.
Meanwhile, it was seen that Hadrat Abdullah bin Amr became martyr. He was the first martyr of Uhud. His friends, who saw his martyrdom, being as strong as lions, dived into the center of the enemy. At a point when the war became very intensified, Hadrat Abdullah bin Jahsh, who was a symbol of heroism, and Hadrat Sa’d bin Abî Waqqâs, who was the master of archers, met each other. They were wounded. Hadrat Sa’d bin Abî Waqqâs narrated,
“It was a severe moment of the war in Uhud. Suddenly, Abdullah bin Jahsh came to me, held my hand and took me to the base of a rock. He told me, “Now, say a prayer here and I will say âmîn (amen). Then, I will say a prayer and you will say âmîn!” I agreed. I invoked, “O my Allah! Send me very strong and robust foes! Let me fight them fiercely. Let me kill all of them and return to my home as a ghâzi (holy war veteran).”
With all his heart and soul, he said “âmîn” for my supplication.
Then he started to supplicate Allahu ta’âlâ, “O my Allah! Send powerful enemies to me and let me fight them fiercely. Let me give the Holy War its due. Let me kill all of them. In the end, let one of them martyr me. Then, let him cut my lips, my nose, my ears. Let me, in blood, come before you. When you ask me, “Abdullah! What did you do to your lips, your nose, your ears?” Let me answer, “O my Allah! I have committed many mistakes with them. I could not use them properly. I felt shame at bringing them to you. I have been dusted with earth at a war in which your beloved Prophet (’alaihis- salâm) participated and in this manner I have come.” I did not wish to say âmîn for such a supplication. However, since he wanted and I had promised previously, I said âmîn unwillingly. Then, we drew our swords and continued to fight. We were killing whomever we confronted. He was attacking very bravely and crushing the enemy ranks. He was striking the enemy repeatedly; he had a great wish to become a martyr. While fighting, reciting “Allahu Akbar! Allahu Akbar!”, his sword became broken. At that time, our beloved Prophet gave him a date branch and commanded him to continue the war. As a miracle, this branch became a sword and he went on fighting. He killed many foes.
Towards the end of the war, he attained martyrdom, which he wished for so much, with the arrows shot by a polytheist named Abu’l Hakam. When he was martyred, disbelievers attacked his body and cut his nose, his lips and his ears. His entire body was bloody. Kuzman, among the ranks of mujâhids, broke the sheath of his sword and attacked the polytheists by saying, “to die is much better than to escape,” and behaved very bravely. He himself killed seven or eight disbelievers. In the end, he received wounds and fell down. When the companions were astonished at his heroism, they notified Our Master. He said, “He is deserving of Hell.” Hadrat Qatâda bin Nu’mân went to Kuzman and said, “O Kuzman! May martyrdom be blessed for you!” Kuzman replied,
“I did not fight for the sake of religion. I fought so that the Qurayshîs should not come to Medina and destroy my date palm garden!” Then he committed suicide by cutting his wrist veins with an arrow. Thus, it was understood why our Master said, “He is deserving of Hell”.
Since the beginning of the war, with our beloved Master Rasûlullah, all the Companions struggled very hard. With vehement attacks, they made the polytheist army retreat. Against these heroic actions of mujâhids, the polytheists, who were worshipping the idols, named Lât, Uzzâ, Hubal, which they made from stone and wood, started running away. The women, who came to encourage them to fight, were trying to catch them while shrieking.
When the Quraysh polytheists started running away towards Mecca, leaving their goods behind, Muslim soldiers became happy and thanked Allahu ta’âlâ for having attained the victory which He promised. Although they had much superiority in number and power, polytheists were wretched before the Muslims. While they were fleeing, the glorious Companions were chasing them and killing them when they caught them. Meanwhile, Hadrat Hanzala bin Abû Amîr reached Abû Sufyân, the commander in chief of the polytheist army. Abû Sufyân was trying to escape on his horse. He wounded the legs of Abû Sufyân’s horse. He made the horse fall down. Abû Sufyân, who was on the ground, started shouting, “O Qurayshîs! Help! I am Abû Sufyân! Hanzala wants to slice me with his sword!” Even though the polytheists saw this, they were running away for their lives and were not interested in their commanders. However, at that moment, the polytheist Shaddâd bin Aswad was behind Hadrat Hanzala. He thrust his spear into Hanzala’s back. Although Hadrat Hanzala wanted to attack by saying, “Allahu Akbar!”, he fell and attained martyrdom. His blessed soul ascended to heaven. Our Master Rasûl-i akram (sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam) said, “I saw Angels were washing Hanzala in a silver tray with rainwater between the sky and the earth.” Abû Usaydî said, “When I heard this saying of Rasûlullah, I reached Hanzala’s body. Rainwater was dripping from his head. I returned and notified Rasûl-i akram of that.” Hadrat Hanzala was called Gasîl-ul-malâika. Seeing that the polytheists fled, some of the archers at Aynayn passage left their positions. They supposed that the war was over. Their commander, Abdullah bin Jubair and twelve people remained there.