Muhammad (’alaihi ’s-salâm), who is the reason for the creation of all creatures and the highest, the most prominent, the most honourable of mankind, is Habîb-Allâh (Allâhu ta’âlâ’s Darling). There were many evidences proving his greatness and superiority and that he was Habîb-Allâh. For this reason, such words as ‘was overcome’ or ‘was defeated’ cannot be said about him. At Resurrection, he will rise from his grave before everybody. He will go to the place of Judgement first. He will go to Paradise before everybody. Though the beautiful traits in his character cannot be concluded by counting, nor would human energy suffice to count them, we will ornament our book by writing down some of them:
One of his miracles was his ascent to the Mi’râj: while he was in bed in al-Mekkat al-Mukarrama, he was awakened and his blessed body was taken to the Aqsâ Mosque in Jerusalem (Quds), thence to the heavens, and after the seventh heaven, to the places which Allâhu ta’âlâ determined. We have to believe in the Mi’râj in this manner. How the Mi’râj happened is written in detail in many valuable books, particularly in Shifâ’-i sherîf.[He went with Jabrâ’îl (’alaihi’s-salâm) from Mekka to Sidrat al-muntahâ, a tree in the sixth and seventh heavens. No knowledge, no ascent could go further than there. In Sidra, Rasûlullah (’alaihi ’s-salâm) saw Jabrâ’îl (’alaihi ’s-salâm) in his own shape with his six hundred wings. Jabrâ’îl (’alaihi ’s-salâm) remained in Sidra. From Mekka to Jerusalem, or to the seventh heaven, Rasûlullah (’alaihi ’s-salâm) was taken on Burâq, which was a white, very fast, sexless and unworldly animal of Paradise and which is smaller than a mule and bigger than an ass. It stepped beyond eyeshot. At the Aqsâ Mosque, Rasûlullah (’alaihi ’s-salâm) became the imâm for prophets in the night or morning prayer. Prophets’ souls were present there in their own human figures. From Jerusalem up to the seventh heaven, he was made to ascend in a moment with an unknown ladder named Mi’râj. On the way, angels lined up on the right and on the left, praised and lauded him. At each heaven, Jabrâ’îl (’alaihi ’s-salâm) announced the good news of Rasûlullah’s (’alaihi ’s-salâm) arrival. In each heaven he saw a prophet and greeted him. In Sidra, he saw many astonishing things, the blessings of Paradise and the tortures of Hell. He looked at none of the blessings of Paradies out of the desire for and the pleasure of seeing Allâhu ta’âlâ’s Jamâl. Beyond Sidra, he went ahead alone, among nûrs (lights). He heard the sounds of the angels’ pens. He went through seventy thousand curtains. The distance between two curtains was like a way of five hundred years. After this, on a bed named Rafraf, which was brighter than the sun, he went through the Kursî and reached the ’Arsh. He went out of the ’Arsh, out of the worlds of time, space and matter. He reached the stage to hear Allâhu ta’âlâ’s Speech.
He saw Allâhu ta’âlâ in a manner that cannot be understood or explained, like Allâhu ta’âlâ will be seen in the next world without time and space. He spoke with Allâhu ta’âlâ without letters and sounds. He glorified, praised and lauded Him. He was given innumerable gifts and honours. Fifty times of performance of salât in a day were made fard for him and for his umma, but this was gradually reduced to five times a day with the mediation of Mûsâ (’alaihi ’s-salâm). Before this, salât had been performed only in the mornings and in the afternoons or at nights. After such a long journey, having attained gifts and blessings and having seen and heard so many bewildering things, he came back to his bed, which had not become cold yet. What we have written above was understood partly from âyats and partly from hadîths. It is not wâjib to believe all. Yet, since the scholars of Ahl as-Sunna communicated them, those who deny these facts will be separated from Ahl as-sunna. And he who does not believe an âyat or a hadîth becomes a disbeliever.
Let us cite some of the innumerable evidences showing that Muhammad (’alaihi ’s-salâm) is the Most Superior (Sayyid al-Anbiyâ’) of prophets (’alaihimu ’s-salâwâtu wa ’t-taslîmât).
On the Day of Judgement all prophets will shelter in the shade of his banner. Allâhu ta’âlâ commanded all prophets (’alaihimu ’s-salâm) that, if they would remain alive till the time of Muhammad (’alaihi ’s-salâm), who, among creatures, was His Darling Elect, they should believe him and be his assistant. Also, all prophets ordered their ummas the same in their last requests.
Muhammad (’alaihi ’s-salâm) was the Khâtam al-anbiyâ’ (the Last Prophet), that is, no prophet will succeed him. His blessed soul was created before all prophets. The status of nubuwwa was given first to him. Nubuwwa was completed with his honouring the world. Towards the end of the world, during the time of Hadrat al-Mahdî, ’Îsâ (alaihi ’s-salâm) will descend from the sky to Damascus and join Muhammad’s (’alaihi ’s-salâm) umma and preach Islam on the earth.
Muhammad (’alaihi ’s-salâm) is the highest of prophets and is Allâhu ta’âlâ’s compassion for all creatures. 18,000 ’âlams (worlds of beings) received benefit from his ocean of blessings. By the consensus (of the ’ulamâ’), he is the Prophet for all human beings and genies. Many (scholars) said he was the Prophet for angels, plants, animals and for every substance. While other prophets had been sent to certain tribes in certain countries, Rasûlullah (’alaihi ’s-salâm) was and is the Prophet of all worlds and all the living and lifeless creatures. Allâhu ta’âlâ had addressed other prophets by their names. As for Muhammad (’alaihi ’s-salâm), He favoured him by addressing him, “Oh My Prophet (Rasûl)!” The like of every miracle that had been granted to every prophet was presented to him. Allâhu ta’âlâ bestowed upon His Beloved Prophet more gifts and granted him more miracles than He had done to any other prophet of His. He was made superior to all prophets with countless honours and excellences: the moon split into two when he made a sign with his blessed finger; the stones in his palm uttered the Name of Allah; trees greeted him by saying, “O Rasûlallah”; the dry log named Hannâna cried because Rasûlullah (’alaihi ’s-salâm) departed from its side and left it alone; pure water flowed down through his blessed fingers; the high grades of al-Maqâm al-Mahmûd, ash-Shafâ’at al-kubrâ, al-Hawd al-Kawthar, al-Wasîla and al-Fadîla were said to be given to him in the next world; he had the honour of seeing Allâhu ta’âlâ’s Jamâl before entering Paradise; he had the greatest moral quality in the world, the most perfect faith, knowledge, gentleness, patience, gratitude, zuhd (devotion, asceticism), chastity, justness, heroism, bashfulness, bravery, modesty, wisdom, beautiful manners, helpfulness, mercy and inexhaustible honors and honourable traits. No one but Allâhu ta’âlâ knows the number of miracles given to him. His religion abrogated all other religions. His religion was the best and highest of all the religions. His umma is higher than all other ummas. The Awliyâ’ of his umma are more honourable than the Awliyâ’ of other ummas.