Twenty-four of them are stated: 1– Things issuing from one’s back.

2– Things issuing from one’s front.

3– Worms, stones or the like issuing from one’s front or back.

4– To have an enema.

5– For a medicine which a woman has injected into her womb to come back out.

6– If a medicine which you have poured into your ear comes back out through your mouth, it will nullify your ablution. [If it exudes through your ear or nose it will not nullify your ablution (Fatâwâ-i-Hindiyya).]

7– For a cotton wick that a man has inserted into his urinary canal to become wet and fall. [If the wick is partly outside of the urinary canal and the part that is outside is dry, it will not nullify your ablution so long as it does not fall out.]

8– For the cotton wick to fall down, its part left outside having been wet.

9– A mouthful vomit. It will not nullify one’s ablution to vomit phlegm, regardless of its amount. Liquid issuing from a sleeping person’s mouth is clean, be it yellowish.

10– Shedding tears on account of an illness will nullify one’s ablution. It will not nullify one’s ablution if it happens as a result of weeping or with the effect of lachrymose agents such as onions.

11– Blood, pus, or yellowish liquid issuing from one’s nose will nullify one’s ablution even if it does go out of one’s nostrils. Nasal mucus is not something najs. It will not nullify one’s ablution when it goes out of the nose.

12– For the saliva that one has just spit out to contain much blood.

13– When you see blood on something you have just bitten, it will nullify your ablution if your mouth or teeth are smeared with the blood. It will not, if otherwise.

14– If you see that blood has exuded from any part of your body and spread over that part, be it only a little, your ablution will be nullified if you are in the Hanafî Madhhab, and it will not be nullified if you are in one of the Mâlikî and Shâfi’î Madhhabs.

15– Supposing you are riding on a horse not saddled; dozing off as it goes downhill will nullify your ablution.

16– If you are dubious about whether or not you have made an ablution, your dhann-i-ghâlib (prevailing opinion) should be that you are without an ablution.

17– If a man hugs his wife in the nude, (their ablution will be nullified.)

18– If you have forgotten to wash one of your limbs of ablution and you do not know which one, (your ablution becomes nuffified.)

19– If pus or blood or yellowish liquid comes out from a blister on one of your limbs, by itself or when you squeeze it, (your ablution will become nullified.)

20– Supposing you have had a sore, with some najs liquid such as yellowish liquid or blood or pus in the middle of it, on your body, your ablution will be nullified when a healthy part of your body or the cotton or bandage on it has been smeared with that najs matter. There is a scholarly statement that colourless liquid exuding from a sore or abscess will not nullify one’s ablution. It is permissible for people suffering from diseases such as itch, smallpox and eczema to follow this statement.

21– Supposing you doze off as you are leaning against something; (your ablution will be nullified) if your slumber is so deep as you would fall if the object you have been leaning against were taken away.

22– During a namâz with rukû’s and sajdas, to laugh as loudly as to be heard by oneself and by someone beside one. If you laugh only loudly enough so that no one besides you will hear, your ablution will not be nullified, although the namâz you are performing will be fâsid. (In other words, laughing so loud that only you yourself will hear will nullify your namâz, and not your ablution.)

23– An epileptic fit or fainting will nullify one’s ablution.

24– If pus or yellowish liquid or blood exudes from your ear and it reaches the part of your body that you have to wash as you make a ghusl, (your ablution will become nullified.)

From us did Europe learn how to wash oneself in a public bath.

Before then their homes would stench so bad they would smell in one’s breath.

It was Muslims who spread cleanliness the whole world over,

Thereby saving humanity from an enemy so bitter.