Jihad: A Misunderstood Islamic Term

The Islamic term ‘jihad,’ meaning ‘struggle’ in Arabic, is misinterpreted in today’s lexicon. It does not mean forcing someone into accepting Islam or its belief because, as stated in the Quran, ‘There is no compulsion in religion’ Osman Gazi, the founder of the Ottoman Empire, once gave a piece of advice to his son: “My…

Causes of Disbelief (Kufr)

There are three kinds of kufr, [i.e. enmity toward Allah:] Kufr-i-inâdî, kufr-i-jehlî (or jahlî), and kufr-i-hukmî. Kufr-i-inâdî is the stubborn denial of Islam and îmân by a person who does so knowingly, e.g. kufr of people such as Abû Jahl, Fir’awn (Pharaoh), Nemrûd (Nimrod), and Sheddâd (Shaddâd bin Ad). It is permissible to say outright…

to Believe in Qadar

The last of the six fundamentals of îmân is “to believe in qadar, [that is] that good (khair) and evil (sharr) are from Allâhu ta’âlâ.” Good and evil, advantage and harm, profit and loss coming upon human beings are all by Allâhu ta’âlâ’s Will. ‘Qadar’ means ‘measuring a quantity; decision, order; muchness and largeness.’ Allâhu ta’âlâ’s Eternal Will for the…

Attributes of Îmân

Scholars of Ahl as-Sunnat say that îmân has six attributes: ÂMANTU BILLÂHI: I believe that Allâhu ’adhîm-ush-shân exists and is One; I have îmân in it. Allâhu ’adhîm-ush-shân exists ’and is One. There is not a sherîk or nadhîr for Him. (He does not have a partner or a likeness.) He is munezzeh (free, exempt) from…

The Fundemantals of Islam

With the aid of and the strength given by Allâhu ta’âlâ, who keeps all ’âlams in existence and gives all the favours and gifts and who never sleeps, now we begin to explain the blessed saying of our Prophet (sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam). Our beloved superior Hadrat ’Umar ibn al-Khattâb (radî-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anh), who…