Conceit (Kibr)

ot expect any benefit for their teaching. Fishes in seas, animals on the earth and birds in the skies will pray for these people. By contrast, the group whose knowledge is not beneficial to others and use their knowledge in order to gain worldly possessions will be forced to wear a halter made of fire…

Excessive Humility (Tazallul)

Excess in humility is called lowliness (tazallul), or meanness or holding one’s self down. Lowliness is prohibited (harâm). As is the case with other forbidden things, practising this vice upon a forced necessity (dharurat), also becomes permissible (jâiz). Following are some examples of forced necessities: to protect one’s religion, property, honor, or life, or to…

Self Love (’Ujb)

Among the vices, the fourteenth one is self love. Self love is one’s liking his worships and good deeds and his taking pride in them. One’s appreciating the value of one’s performed worships and good deeds and worrying and fearing lest they should be lost would not be self love. Nor would it be self…

Jealousy (Hasad)

The fifteenth vice is jealousy (hasad). “Hasad” means to be jealous. A person inflicted with this disease wants others not to keep blessings (nimat) bestowed upon them by Allâhu ta’âlâ or in other words he wants them to lose those blessings. Desiring that others should not have harmful things would not be jealousy but would…

Hatred (Hiqd)

Hatred is the 16th malady of the heart. “Hiqd” is to hate another person, to bear animosity, and bear grudge in one’s heart toward him. Having this type of animosity toward a person who gives you advice is forbidden (harâm). You should obey his advice instead of hating him. Since the advisor carries out the…

Rejoicing at Another’s Misfortune (Shamatat)

Rejoicing at another’s misfortune is “shamâtat”. Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’ states in a hadîth-i-sherîf: “Do not have ‘shamâtat’ for a religious brother! If you have ‘shamâtat’ then Allâhu ta’âlâ will deliver him from the disaster and punish you with an identical disaster.” It would not be “shamâtat” if one feels happiness upon hearing the…

Seperation (Hijr)

“Hijr” means to cease from being friendly (with someone) and become cross (with them). Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sal-lam’ states in a hadîth-i-sherîf: “It would not be permissible (halâl) for a Believer (Mu’min) to become cross with another Believer (Mu’min) for more than three days. After three days it is necessary (wâjib) for him to…