Hajj

HAJJ HAS THREE RUKNS: 1– To make niyyat for hajj as you assume the (special garb called) ihrâm. 2– To perform (the stand-still called) waqfa on the (hill called) ’Arafât. 3– To perform the Tawâf-i-ziyârat (at the Ka’ba). The early time for performing waqfa on the ’Arafât is between the time of zawâl (midday) on…

Chapter on Fasting

There are three fards in fasting: 1– To make a niyyat (intention) 2– To make the niyyat between the time of beginning of fasting and that of its end. 3– To avoid the nullifiers of fast during the nehâr-i-shar’î (daytime in Islamic tems), and ends at sunset. The time of imsâk is when the whiteness…

Concerning the Tayammum

In the Hanafî Madhhab tayammum will be sahîh also before a prayer time begins. It will not be sahîh in the other three Madhhabs. There are three fards (farzes) in a tayammum: A tayammum that is required for making an ablution is the same as a tayammum required for making a ghusl. They differ only…

Concerning the Ablution

An ablution has four farzes (or fards) in the Hanafî Madhhab, seven farzes in the Mâlikî Madhhab, and six farzes in the Shâfi’î and Hanbalî Madhhabs. In the Hanafî Madhhab, they are: 1– To wash one’s face. 2– To wash one’s forearms, including the elbows. 3– To make masah on one-fourth of one’s head. 4–…

Concerning Water

There are four kinds of water: Mâ-i-mutlaq; mâ-i-muqayyad; mâ-i-meshkuk; mâ-i-musta’mal. [‘Mâ’ means ‘water’.] 1– Examples of mâ-i-mutlaq are rain water, sea water, running spring water, and water from a well. This kind of water possesses the property to make dirty things clean. It can be used for any purpose. 2– Examples of mâ-i-muqayyad are melon juice,…

Sunnats of An Ablution

Twenty-five of them have been stated. 1– To say, “A’ûdhu… .” (Its complete form is: “A’ûdhu bllâh-imin-esh-shaytân-ir-rajîm.” 2– To say the Basmala. (That is, to say, “Bismillâh-ir-Rahmân-ir-Rahîm.”) 3– To wash the hands. 4– To make khilâl between the fingers, (i.e. to wash between them by using the fingers of one of your hands like the…

Using A Miswâk

There are fifteen benefits in using a miswâk. These benefits, borrowed from the book entitled Sirâj-ul-wahhâj [1], are as follows: 1– It causes you to say the Kalima-i-shehâdat when dying. 2– It hardens the gums. 3– It helps to loosen the phlegm in your chest. (It is a perfect expectorant.) 4– It stops an excessive…

Makruhs Of An Ablution

There are eighteen of them, as follows: 1– To splash–water–hard on your face. 2– To breathe onto the water being used in the ablution. 3– To wash the limbs (that should be washed three times) fewer than three times. 4– To wash them more than three times. 5– To spit into the water being used…

Nullifiers of An Ablution

Twenty-four of them are stated: 1– Things issuing from one’s back. 2– Things issuing from one’s front. 3– Worms, stones or the like issuing from one’s front or back. 4– To have an enema. 5– For a medicine which a woman has injected into her womb to come back out. 6– If a medicine which…