Concerning Friday

Friday prayer’s being sahîh requires seven conditions to be fulfilled: 1– The location where Friday prayer (namâz) is to be performed to be large enough to be called a city. 2– To make the (dictated speech called) khutba. 3– To make the khutba before the namâz. 4– For the Friday prayer to be performed within…

Namâz During an Illness

If an invalid is unable to stand or strongly believes that standing will linger their illness, then they perform their namâz sitting; they bend their body a little for the rukû’; and, after sitting up, they make the sajda on the floor, (i.e. with their nose and forehead on the floor.) Then they sit in…

Ta’dîl-i-Arkân in Namâz

If a person skips (observing) the ta’dîl-i-arkân at five places of namâz, not forgetfully but deliberately, his namâz becomes fâsid (null and void) according to Imâm Abû Yûsuf ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’. According to the Tarafeyn (Imâm A’zam Abû Hanîfa and Imâm Muhammad), it does not become fâsid, but then it will be necessary for him to…

To Perform Namâz

It is written as follows in Ni’met-i-islâm: It is farz for every discreet and pubescent Muslim to perform namâz five times daily. Nobody can perform namâz on behalf of any other person. A person may gift the thawâb for a namâz or any other act of worship that they performed to another person [alive or…

Chapter on Namâz

Namâz has twelve farzes: Seven of them are outside (of) it, and five are inside (of) it. Farzes that are outside (of) namâz are: Tahârat (purification, cleanliness) from hadeth; tahârat from najâsat; satr-i-awrat; istiqbâl-i-qibla; waqt; niyyat; takbîr-i-iftitâh. Farzes that are inside (of) it are: Qiyâm; qirâat; rukû’ once in every rak’at; sajda twice (in every…

Importance of Namâz

The book entitled Eshi’at-ul-leme’at (and written by ’Abd-ul-Haqq bin Seyf-ud-dîn Dahlawî ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’, 958 [1551 A.D.] – 1052 [1642], Delhi) contains various hadîth-i-sherîfs stating the importance of namâz. The book is a commentary written in the Persian language to the book of hadîths entitled Mishkât-ul-Mesâbih (and written by Waliyy-ud-dîn Khatîb-i-Tebrîzî Muhammad bin ’Abdullah ‘rahmatullâhi…

Good Manners that must be Observed on Friday

Hadrat Muhammad ‘alaihis-sallam’, stated: “Friday is a hajj(pilgrimage) for the poor, an ’Iyd Day for Believers, and an ’Iyd Day for celestial beings, and also an ’Iyd Day in Paradise. Friday is the best and the most honourable one of all days.” Another hadîth-i-sherîf reads: “Friday is a treasure of goodnesses and a source of beautiful things.” Another hadîth-i…

To Pay Zakât

The proof-texts for the fact that (paying) zakât is farz are the forty-third and the hundred and tenth âyat-i-kerîmas of Baqara Sûra. There are twelve people to whom it is not permissible to pay zakât: An insane person; for a dead Muslim’s kefen (shroud); a kâfir (non Muslim); a rich person; one’s usûl (ancestors) and…